Citing paper research

Sometimes the article “ The ” is used as part of the name of a company or magazine or journal for emphasis, ., The Champ , or The Sports Network . For Internet sites, use the URL as a guide. If “ theyellowpages ” is used in the URL, treat “ The ” as part of the title, and list “ The Yellow Pages ” alphabetically under “ The “. If “ edge ” and not “ theedge ” is used in the URL, list the magazine title “ The Edge ” under “ Edge ” and treat “ The ” as an article and ignore it.

APA style prefers a reference to the print form of a source, even if it is available on the Net. If you have read only the electronic form of an article’s print version, add “Electronic version” in brackets after the title of the article. If an on-line article has been changed from the print version or has additional information, follow the same general format for the author, date, and title elements of print sources, but follow it with a “retrieved” statement, citing the date of retrieval and the electronic address.

NOTE : Titles and subtitles of articles are not capitalized (except for the first word) or enclosed in quotation marks. (The names of periodicals are capitalized and italicized.)

One author: Gould, S. J., 1983, Hen's Teeth and Horse's Toes, W. W. Norton, New York City, 413 p. Two or more authors: Ingmanson, D. E. and Wallace, W. J., 1985, Oceanography: An Introduction, Wadsworth, Belmont, CA, 530 p. For Articles or Chapters with separate authors from a Book or Compilation List the author(s) of the article using the same format given above for books, then give the year, the title of the article or chapter (no quotes, italics or underlines), then the name(s) of the editor(s) of the book or compilation, followed by "ed." or "eds.". Then put the title of the book (in italics if possible), the publisher, the city, and the page numbers where the article can be found: Rodgers, J., 1983, The life history of a mountain range-- Appalachians, in Hsu, K. J., ed., Mountain Building Processes, Academic Press, Orlando, p. 229-243. For an Article from a Journal or Magazine List the author(s) of the article using the same format given above for books, then give the year, the title of the article or chapter (no quotes, italics or underlines), then the title of the journal or magazine (in italics if possible), the volume number of the journal (do not use the publication date), and page numbers where the article can be found: One author: Maddox, J., 1987, The great ozone controversy, Nature, v. 329, p. 101. Two or more authors: Vink, G. E., Morgan, W. J., and Vogt, P. R., 1985, The Earth's hot spots, Scientific American, v. 252, p. 50- 57. For Internet sources Give the author's last name and initials (if known) and the date of publication (or last modification). Next, list the full title of the work (. the specific web page), and then the title of the complete work or site (if applicable) in italics (if possible). Include any version or file numbers, enclosed in parentheses. Most important, provide the full URL to the resource, including the protocol, host address, and the complete path or directories necessary to access the document. Be sure to spell this out exactly! (best to use an electronic "copy" from the "location" box of your browser and "paste" into your word processor). Finally specify the date that you last accessed the site, enclosed in parentheses. Focazio, ., Welch, ., Watkins, ., Helsel, ., and Horn, ., 1999, A retrospective analysis on the occurrence of arsenic in ground-water resources of the United States and limitations in drinking-water-supply characterizations, . Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report 99-4279, http:///trace/pubs/wrir-99-4279/ (August 1, 2000) Adapt these formats as necessary for other types of sources, including unpublished reports or manuscripts -- just be sure to include sufficient information that your readers could find or obtain these sources themselves, if need be.

Citing paper research

citing paper research


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